May 282013

100 Urban Trends: A Glossary of Ideas from the BMW Guggenheim Lab

The architecture of necessity is design conducted by everyday citizens in response to individual or collective needs and site-specific conditions. Due to political restrictions and/or low-income scenarios, neighborhoods and individuals make customized and informal alterations to their living spaces, thus creating innovative new typologies for architecture and urbanism. Ernesto Oroza coined the term in his 2006 book, For an Architecture of Necessity and Disobedience, to refer to the efficiency and ingenuity of Cuban citizens under Fidel Castro’s regime and their approach to self-made solutions for their everyday needs.